A malocclusion is usually treated with dental braces (again it also depends on your age and the type of the malocclusion). The orthodontist takes panoramic x-rays, conducts dental examinations and bite impressions of the whole mouth before deciding on the best options of the treatment.
If a malocclusion is caused by overcrowding of the teeth, the orthodontist may recommend a tooth extraction. However, in the case of an underbite, crossbite or overbite, there are several different orthodontic treatment options available.
The Different Treatment Options
Fixed multibracket braces – This type of dental braces consists of brackets bonded to each tooth, and an archwire that connects each one. The orthodontist adjusts the wire on a regular basis to push the teeth into proper alignment.
Removable devices – There are many non-fixed dental braces available to treat a malocclusion. Retainers, headgear and palate expanders are amongst the most common used today. Retainers are generally used to hold the teeth in the correct position whilst the jawbone grows properly around them.
Invisalign® – These dental aligners are removable and invisible to the naked eye. Invisalign works in much the same way as fixed dental braces, but do not impact the aesthetics of the smile. However, not all patients are candidates for Invisalign® and your orthodontist will recommend the best treatment for your particular case.